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  • Writer's pictureSteve Rigden


The Pug is a breed that epitomizes the phrase "multum in parvo," which translates to "a lot in a little," offering a perfect blend of comical charm and dignified sophistication within its small frame. Originating from China, dating back to the Han dynasty (B.C. 206 to A.D. 200), Pugs were cherished by Chinese emperors and lived in luxurious accommodations, sometimes even guarded by soldiers. This breed was later traded to Europe in the sixteenth century, where it continued to be a favored pet among royalty, including in the Netherlands under the House of Orange and in England during the reign of Queen Victoria.

Physically, Pugs are recognizable for their distinctive features: a compact, muscular body, a wrinkled, expressive face, large dark eyes, and a curled tail. Their smooth, glossy coat comes in a variety of colors, including black, fawn, silver fawn, and apricot. They typically weigh between 14 to 18 pounds, making them a sturdy, small-sized breed. Despite their somewhat comical appearance, Pugs carry themselves with dignity and possess a charming personality that has endeared them to many around the world.

Pugs are known for their sociable, affectionate nature. They thrive on human companionship and are known to be great family pets that get along well with children and other animals. They possess a playful spirit and a friendly disposition, eager to please their owners and always ready for a game. However, their strong attachment to humans means they do not like being left alone for long periods, which can lead to separation anxiety.

One of the most appealing aspects of the Pug's personality is its ability to adapt to various lifestyles. Whether living in a small apartment or a large house with a yard, Pugs make themselves at home anywhere. They are equally content to snuggle on a couch or join their family on outdoor adventures. However, their exercise needs are moderate, and their brachycephalic (flat-faced) nature means they should be protected from extreme temperatures, especially heat.

Health-wise, Pugs can be prone to certain conditions due to their unique physical characteristics. Their large, bulging eyes are susceptible to injuries and disorders, while their wrinkles require regular cleaning to prevent skin infections. Breathing difficulties, obesity, and hip dysplasia are other concerns that owners should be vigilant about. A responsible breeding practice and regular veterinary care are crucial to address these health issues.

Despite these challenges, the Pug's endearing personality, loyalty, and undemanding nature have solidified its place as a beloved companion. Their sense of humor, coupled with their love for attention, makes them not just pets but cherished members of the family. The breed's history of companionship to royalty has not diminished its ability to offer boundless love and affection to those it considers its family, making the Pug a timeless choice for those seeking a small dog with a big heart.

For training questions please contact Taipei dog training. We are professional dog trainers based in New Taipei area but we train dogs in Taipei and Keelung too.

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