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  • Writer's pictureSteve Rigden

French Mastiff

杜高犬,又稱波爾多獒或法國獒,是一種歷史悠久、龐大而強壯的犬種。

### 歷史:

起源於法國的杜高犬可以追溯到羅馬時代。這一犬種被用於守衛莊園、狩獵野生動物,甚至參與鬥牛。其獨特的外觀和強大的力量使其成為備受追捧的守護者。

在19世紀,由於社會角色的轉變,如大莊園的減少和鬥牛活動的取締,杜高犬瀕臨滅絕。然而,熱心的品種愛好者努力振興了這一犬種,最終獲得犬會的認可。如今,杜高犬被視為忠誠的伴侶和守衛。

### 健康:

作為一種大型犬種,杜高犬容易患上某些健康問題。負責任的繁殖實踐旨在應對潛在的問題,但潛在的飼主應該注意常見的條件。關節問題,包括髖關節和肘關節畸形,可能影響這些狗,肥胖可能加劇這些問題。定期運動和均衡飲食對於保持整體健康至關重要。

此外,這一犬種以患心臟病,如擴張型心肌病而聞名。定期的獸醫檢查和適當的醫療護理是至關重要的,以早期識別和管理潛在的健康問題。

### 訓練性:

杜高犬以其聰明和渴望取悅主人的特點而聞名。早期社交化和一致的正向強化訓練是塑造一個表現良好的伴侶的關鍵。由於其意志堅定的本性,它們可能受益於堅定而溫和的引導。

儘管一般性格良好,但杜高犬可能對陌生人保持保留,使早期社交化成為確保它們在各種情況下適應良好的重要因素。服從訓練有助於發揮其天生的保護本能,防止不受歡迎的行為。

### 特點:

杜高犬擁有獨特的外觀,巨大的頭部,強壯的頸部和深而寬的胸膛。它們的短毛平滑,呈各種淺至深的黃褐色,通常帶有對比鮮明的面具。該品種鬆垮的皮膚增添了它威嚴的氣質。

儘管外表威風,杜高犬以其對家庭的親情和忠誠自居。它們與人類伴侶形成牢固的聯繫,並且通常對兒童溫和。儘管它們可能在室內保持冷靜和輕鬆,但這些狗需要定期運動,以保持其身體健康和心理幸福。

### 結論:

總的來說,杜高犬是一個迷人的品種,擁有悠久的歷史,獨特的外貌和忠誠的氣質。負責的飼主應提供適當的醫療保健、一致的訓練和充足的社交化,以確保一個全面發展和滿足的伴侶。儘管它們可能有特定的健康考慮,但它們提供的愛和忠誠使杜高犬成為合適家庭的有價值的伴侶。


The Dogue de Bordeaux, also known as the Bordeaux Mastiff or French Mastiff, is a large and powerful breed with a rich history dating back centuries.

### History:

Originating in France, the Dogue de Bordeaux has a lineage that can be traced to Roman times. This breed has been used for various purposes, including guarding estates, hunting game, and even participating in bull-baiting. Its distinctive appearance and impressive strength made it a sought-after protector.

In the 19th century, the Dogue de Bordeaux faced near extinction due to changing roles in society, such as the decline of large estates and the outlawing of bull-baiting. However, dedicated breed enthusiasts worked to revive the breed, and it eventually gained recognition by kennel clubs. Today, the Dogue de Bordeaux is valued as a loyal companion and guardian.

### Health:

As a large breed, the Dogue de Bordeaux is prone to certain health issues. Responsible breeding practices aim to address potential concerns, but prospective owners should be aware of common conditions. Joint issues, including hip and elbow dysplasia, may affect these dogs, and obesity can exacerbate these problems. Regular exercise and a balanced diet are crucial for maintaining their overall health.

Additionally, the breed is known to be susceptible to heart conditions, such as dilated cardiomyopathy. Routine veterinary check-ups and a proper healthcare regimen are vital to identify and manage any potential health issues early on.

### Trainability:

The Dogue de Bordeaux is known for its intelligence and eagerness to please its owner. Early socialization and consistent, positive reinforcement training are key to shaping a well-behaved companion. Due to their strong-willed nature, they may benefit from firm yet gentle guidance.

While generally good-natured, the Dogue de Bordeaux can be reserved with strangers, making early socialization crucial to ensure they are well-adjusted and comfortable in various situations. Obedience training helps harness their natural protective instincts and prevents unwanted behaviors.

### Characteristics:

The Dogue de Bordeaux boasts a distinctive appearance with a massive head, strong neck, and a deep, broad chest. Their short coat is smooth and comes in various shades of fawn, from light to dark, often with a contrasting mask. The breed's loose, wrinkled skin adds to its imposing presence.

Despite their formidable exterior, Dogues de Bordeaux are known for their affectionate and loyal nature towards their families. They form strong bonds with their human companions and are often gentle with children. While they can be calm and relaxed indoors, these dogs require regular exercise to maintain their physical health and mental well-being.

### Conclusion:

In summary, the Dogue de Bordeaux is a fascinating breed with a storied history, distinctive appearance, and loyal temperament. Responsible ownership includes providing proper healthcare, consistent training, and ample socialization to ensure a well-rounded and contented companion. While they may have specific health considerations, the love and devotion they offer make the Dogue de Bordeaux a rewarding addition to the right family.

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